Personality

Personality
Total way in which an individual reacts & interacts with others
-Physical Attributes – Looks & Acts
-Mental Attributes – Feel & Think

Ways in which an individual reacts & interacts which reflects its behaviour & characteristics

The unique & relatively stable patterns of behaviour, thoughts and emotions shown by individuals

Determinants Of Personality

  • Heredity
  • Situation
  • Environment

BIG FIVE-PERSONALITY MODEL

  • EXTROVERSION: Outgoing & Sociable
  • AGREEABLENESS: Cooperative (A persons ability to get along with each other)
  • OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCES: Imaginative (A persons range of interests)
  • CONSSCIENTIOUSNESS: Responsible (The number of goals that a person focuses on)
  • EMOTIONAL STABILITY: Calm (A persons ability to cope up with Stress)

TRAIT THEORY OF PERSONALITY
In order to understand an individual, we must break down behaviour pattern into a series of observable traits.
Combining these traits will form an individual’s personality.

MYERS BRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR (MBTI)
MBTI – A tool to measure personality) 16 Distinct Types

  • Sociable- Extrovert
  • Introvert -Quite
  • Practical – Sensing
  • Intuitive- Unconscious Process
  • Logical- Thinking
  • Feeling- Emotions
  • Work Structured- Judge
  • Perceiving- Flexible

HOLLANDS TYPOLOGY OF PERSONALITY
Linking personality with Occupations

  • Realistic – physical activities – Mechanic
  • Investigative – involve thinking – Economic
  • Social – Helping others – Teacher
  • Conventional – Rule Regulated – Accountant
  • Enterprising – verbally influence others – Lawyer, public relations
  • Artistic – Creative – Interior decorator, writer

MEASURING PERSONALITY

LOCUS OF CONTROL
The degree to which people believe that they : Individuals who believe that they can conare the masters of their fate.

-INTERNAL trol whatever will happen to them
-EXTERNAL: Individuals who believe that whatever happens to them is by LUCK/CHANCE

SELF-EFFICACY THEORY
An individual’s belief that he can perform effectively in the situation.

MACHIAVELLIANISM
A personality trait involving willingness to manipulate others for one’s own purpose.
MORNING PERSONS – those who feel energetic & alert early in the day

EVENING PERSONS – those who feel energetic & alert in the day or at night

COGNITIVE INTELLIGENCE  The ability to understand complex ideas, adapt effectively to the environment, learn from experience & overcome obstacles with careful thought.

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE: The ability to recognize & regulate our own emotions to influence others or to self motivate

EMOTIONAL CONTAGION: The tendency to mimic the emotional expressions of others, converging with them emotionally.

EMOTIONAL DISSONANCE: Inconsistencies between the emotions we feel & the emotions that we express.

PRESENTISM: The practice of showing up for work but being too sick to be able to work effectively.

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