Learning

Learning:A relatively permanent change in the behaviour through experience, practice & training.

Explicit Knowledge: It can be organised & communicated to others

Tacit Knowledge: An individual knows but cant express/share

Law of Effect by THORNDIKE

  • Behaviour caused Rewarding consequences is likely to be repeated whereas behaviour leading to negative behaviour is UNLIKELY to be repeated

CLASSICAL CONDITIONAL THEORY by IVAN PAVLOV

  • Individual learns from neutral stimulus

Eg: If lights of the managers cabin in ON, subordinates don’t make noise.

IMP: Artificial environment can be created to control the behavior of the employees

OPERANT CONDITIONING THEORY by B F Skinner

  • Behaviour caused Rewarding consequences is likely to be repeated whereas behaviour leading to negative behaviour is UNLIKELY to be repeated

IMP: Mgmt uses operant conditioning process to control & influence behavior

SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY

  • Individuals learn to behave as required by the society

BANDURA’S SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY

  • People behave based on their past experience

KURT LEWIN’S 3 STAGE LEARNING

  • Unfreeze – Ready to change
  • Change – Implement
  • Refreeze – Make it permanent

MALCOM’S KNOWLE’S ADULT LEARNING THEORY:

  • Adults are more interested in learning those subjects that have immediate relevance to their job or personal life.
  • Experience (include mistakes) provide a basis for learning
  • Adults need to be involved in the planning & evaluation of their instructions

KOLB’S EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING MODEL
When you experience it reflects in your mind due to which you start thinking and take actions which gives you a new experience from where you learn.
ACTION LEARNING :Experiential Learning where employees are involved in a real, complex and stressful problem usually in teams.

OB MOD: It is a programme where managers identify performance related behaviors & then implement intervention strategy to strengthen desirable behaviour.

LEARNING STYLES
Visual———Verbal———-Logical———-Musical——Interpersonal (others emotions)

  • Kinesthetic: Learning through moving, doing & touching
  • Positive Reinforcement: Rewards based on performance
  • Negative reinforcement: Showing negative behaviour for coming late to office

TYPES OF LEARNERS

  • Action: discuss/apply/explain
  • Sensing: memorize/patient with facts
  • Intuitive: mathematical/grasping new concepts/innovation
  • Visual/Verbal: remember/seeing
  • Sequential/Global: logical steps to find solutions
  • Pragmatist: learns from linking information to real life problems.
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