Introduction on OB

Organisation – A group of people who comes together, who think, work and progress together, to achieve a common goal.

Behaviour – Response to a stimulus (situation), conduct of a person.

ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR
Behaviour of individuals & groups within the organisation

Meaning of OB

  • OB is the study of human behaviour
  • The study is about behaviour in Organisations.
  • Knowledge about human behaviour would be useful in improving an organisation‘s effectiveness.

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Definition

KeithDavis & J.W. Newstrom

  • Organisational Behaviour is the study and application of knowledge about how people act within the organisations. It is human tool for human benefit,it applies broadly to the behaviour of people in all types of organisations such as business, government, schools and service organisations‖

Components of OB

  • Individual Behaviour, Group Behaviour and Organisations constitute the scope of OB.
  • Personality, Perception, Learning, Attitudes & Values, Motivation have contributed the study of Individual Behaviour.
  • Group Dynamics, Leadership, Power & politics, Communication conflict have contributed the study of group Behaviour.
  • Organisational Culture, Work Stress, Organisational Change & Development have contributed the study of organisation.

Why Study Org Behavior?

  • Describe how people behave under a variety of condition
  • Understand why people behave as they do
  • Predict future employee behaviour

Why is OB Important?

  • People who are trained to work together tend to be happier and more productive.
  • Employees who believe they have been treated unfairly are more likely to steal and reject the policies of their organizations.
  • People who are mistreated by their supervisors have more mental and physical illnesses than those who are treated with kindness, dignity, and respect.
  • People who are satisfied with the way they are treated on their jobs are more pleasant to work with and less likely to quit.
  • Companies whose managers accurately appraise the work of their subordinates enjoy lower costs and higher productivity.

Major Disciplines Contributing to the OB Field

  • Psychology – The science that seeks to measures,, and sometimes changes the behaviour of explainshumans and other animals
  • Sociology – The study of people in relation to their fellow human beings
  • Social psychology – An area within psychology that blends concepts from psychology and sociology and that focuses on the influence of people on one another
  • Anthropology – The study of societies to learn about human beings and their activities
  • Political science – The study of the behaviour of individuals and groups within a political environment

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HAWTHORNE STUDIES:

To determine how the design of work environment affect performance
Eg: Effect of Lighting of Workers

MINTZBERG MANAGERIAL ROLES

  • Informational
  • Instructional
  • Decisional

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Models of Organizational Behavior

  • Autocratic – Management should the decision making & employees are to be directed, persuaded & pushed into better performance/output.
  • Custodial – The custodial approach tries to fulfill the basic physical needs of the employees so that they feel little secured. Employers consider “security” as a motivating factor. It is reducing the employees dependence on their bosses and increasing the dependence on the organisation.
  • Supportive – This model supports employees job performance. If management shows faith on employees & gradually give them power & responsibility which will lead to increase of performance & induce a sense of participation & engagement.
  • Collegial – The term collegial refers to a body of people working together cooperatively.The model depends on how management builds a feeling of partnership with the employees. Here managers are perceived as joint contributors rather bosses.
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