Human Resource Development


Human Resource Development is a process of improving, molding and changing the skills, knowledge, ability, aptitude and attitude of an employee based on the present and future requirement of an organisation.

Concept of HRD

  • Systematic & planned approach
  • Continuous Process
  • Develops the skills & knowledge
  • Multi- Disciplinary
  • Involves techniques (OD, Counseling, Workers Participation, Quality Circle, MDP, PMS Training etc)
  • Sharpen Capabilities to perform

Scope of HRD

  • Performance Appraisal
  • Employee training
  • Executive Development
  • Career Planning & Development
  • Succession Planning
  • Organisation Development
  • Involvement in quality circles
  • Involvement in workers participation in management

Techniques of HRD

  • Performance Appraisal
  • Potential Appraisal
  • Career Planning
  • Career Development
  • Employee Training
  • Executive Development
  • Organisation Development
  • Workers Participation in Management
  • Employee Counseling
  • Role analysis
  • Monetary & Non Monetary Rewards
  • Grievance Mechanism

Significance and Objectives of HRD

HRD Develops Competent HR : HRD develops the skills and knowledge of individual, hence, it helps to provide competent and efficient HR as per the job requirement. To develop employment’s skill and competencies, different training and development programs are launched.

Development of work culture: HRD improves the efficiency of employees, checks monotony at work, better communication, development of mutual cooperation and creativity of all the members comes into limelight.

Change Management: HRD facilitates planning, and management of change in an organization. It develops organizational health, culture and environment which lead to change management.

Developing potentialities: It enables employee to self-actualize through a systematic approach by which their existing talents are further developed.

 Growth of employees: It helps employees to know their strengths and weaknesses and enable them to improve their performance.

HRD Creates Opportunity For Career Development: HRD helps to grasp the career development opportunities through development of human skills and knowledge. Career development consists of personal development efforts through a proper match between training and development opportunities with employee’s need.

Job Satisfaction: When people in the organization are well oriented and developed, they show higher degree of commitment in actual work place. This inspires them for better performance, which ultimately leads to job satisfaction.

Performance Improvement: HRD develops necessary skills and abilities required to perform organizational activities. As a result of which, employees can contribute for better performance in an organization. This leads to greater organizational effectiveness.

Functions and attributes of HRD Manager

  • Role Analysis
  • HRP
  • Appraisal
  • Training
  • Executive Development
  • Career Planning
  • Succession Planning
  • Org Development
  • Quality Circles
  • MDP
  • Improve Team Work

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